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CCNA Important Topics: Key Areas for Exam

Created by Vanshika Sharma in Articles 7 Jun 2024

Talking about CCNA certification it is the foremost step or the first step from which a candidate can start in Cisco certification. It is an associate level examination. This updated syllabus has depth knowledge of networking fundamentals.

The new CCNA consist the following syllabus:

Network Fundamentals  20%

● Explain the role and function of network components

● Describe characteristics of network topology architectures

● Compare physical interface and cabling types

● Identify interface and cable issues (collisions, errors, mismatch duplex, and/or speed)

● Compare TCP to UDP

● Configure and verify IPv4 addressing and subnetting

● Describe the need for private IPv4 addressing

● Configure and verify IPv6 addressing and prefix

● Compare IPv6 address types

● Verify IP parameters for Client OS (Windows, Mac OS, Linux)

● Describe wireless principles

● Explain virtualization fundamentals (virtual machines)

● Describe switching concepts

Network Access  20%

● Configure and verify VLANs (normal range) spanning multiple switches

● Configure and verify interswitch connectivity

● Configure and verify Layer 2 discovery protocols (Cisco Discovery Protocol and LLDP)

● Configure and verify (Layer 2/Layer 3) EtherChannel (LACP)

● Describe the need for and basic operations of Rapid PVST+ Spanning Tree Protocol and identify basic operations

● Compare Cisco Wireless Architectures and AP modes

● Describe physical infrastructure connections of WLAN components (AP,WLC, access/trunk ports, and LAG)

● Describe AP and WLC management access connections (Telnet, SSH, HTTP,HTTPS, console, and TACACS+/RADIUS)

● Configure the components of a wireless LAN access for client  connectivity using GUI only such as WLAN creation, security settings, QoS profiles, and advanced WLAN settings

IP Connectivity  25%

● Interpret the components of routing table

● Determine how a router makes a forwarding decision by default

● Configure and verify IPv4 and IPv6 static routing

● Configure and verify single area OSPFv2

● Describe the purpose of first hop redundancy protocol

IP Services  10%

● Configure and verify inside source NAT using static and pools

● Configure and verify NTP operating in a client and server mode

● Explain the role of DHCP and DNS within the network

● Explain the function of SNMP in network operations

● Describe the use of syslog features including facilities and levels

● Configure and verify DHCP client and relay

● Explain the forwarding per-hop behavior (PHB) for QoS such as classification, marking, queuing, congestion, policing, shaping

● Configure network devices for remote access using SSH

● Describe the capabilities and function of TFTP/FTP in the network

Security Fundamentals   15%

● Define key security concepts (threats, vulnerabilities, exploits, and mitigation techniques)

● Describe security program elements (user awareness, training, and physical access control)

● Configure device access control using local passwords

● Describe security password policies elements, such as management, complexity, and password alternatives (multifactor authentication, certificates, and biometrics)

● Describe remote access and site-to-site VPNs

● Configure and verify access control lists

● Configure Layer 2 security features (DHCP snooping, dynamic ARP inspection, and port security)

● Differentiate authentication, authorization, and accounting concepts

● Describe wireless security protocols (WPA, WPA2, and WPA3)

● Configure WLAN using WPA2 PSK using the GUI

Automation and Programmability  10%

● Explain how automation impacts network management

● Compare traditional networks with controller-based networking

● Describe controller-based and software defined architectures (overlay, underlay, and fabric)

● Separation of control plane and data plane

● North-bound and south-bound APIs

● Compare traditional campus device management with Cisco DNA Center enabled device management

● Describe characteristics of REST-based APIs (CRUD, HTTP verbs, and data encoding)

●Recognize the capabilities of configuration management mechanisms Puppet, Chef, and Ansible

● Interpret JSON encoded data

Cisco do not publish passing score because these can change without any prior notice. The syllabus provided contains probability of content which could come in exam. So, you can prepare for examination accordingly.

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Vanshika Sharma

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